Coronary angioplasty, also known as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), is a medical procedure used in cardiology services to treat blockages in the coronary arteries. This procedure involves using a small balloon catheter to widen narrowed or blocked arteries, improving blood flow to the heart.
During a coronary angioplasty, a small catheter with a deflated balloon is guided to the blocked or narrowed area in the coronary artery. The balloon is then inflated, which pushes the plaque against the walls of the artery, creating more space for blood flow. Often, a stent is also placed to help keep the artery open.
Coronary angioplasty is performed in a hospital or cardiac catheterization laboratory, and patients are typically given a local anesthesia to numb the area. The procedure can take anywhere from 30 minutes to several hours, depending on the complexity of the blockage.
Coronary angioplasty is often used to treat coronary artery disease, a condition in which the coronary arteries become narrowed or blocked due to the buildup of plaque. This can lead to chest pain, shortness of breath, and other symptoms. By widening the artery, angioplasty can relieve symptoms and reduce the risk of a heart attack or other cardiac events.
In addition to treating coronary artery disease, coronary angioplasty can also be used to treat other heart conditions, such as heart attacks or unstable angina. By quickly restoring blood flow to the heart, angioplasty can help prevent further damage and improve the patient's chances of recovery.
Overall, coronary angioplasty is a safe and effective procedure that has helped countless patients improve their heart health and quality of life. If you have been diagnosed with coronary artery disease or are experiencing symptoms such as chest pain or shortness of breath, your healthcare provider may recommend coronary angioplasty as a treatment option. While there are some risks associated with the procedure, these are typically rare and can be managed by experienced healthcare professionals. If you have questions or concerns about coronary angioplasty, be sure to discuss them with your healthcare provider to ensure you understand the benefits and risks of this procedure.
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